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2017年竞技宝测速站网址专升本《英语》深度预测卷(3)

发布时间:2018-03-02 16:47| 发布者: | 浏览次数:

一、语音常识
1、
A.neighborhood
B.eighteen
C.height
D.weight


2、
A.wolf
B.soft
C.story
D.pop


3、
A.rural
B.plunge
C.rush
D.rubbish




4、
A.acquire
B.convenient
C.admire
D.anxiety


5、
A.broad
B.boast
C.coast
D.crossroads

二、词汇与语法常识
6、
John________  he could improve his exam results, but he did not have enough time to study.
A.knows how
B.knows that
C.knew how
D.knew that


7、
How can he do so much work? He ________ stay late at the office every evening and take work home at weekends.
A.need
B.can
C.might
D.must


8、
What we have to take________the courses offered only for this term.
A.are
B.is
C.have been
D.has been


9、
Though adults breathe twelve times a minute, breathing is so automatic________the averageperson hardly ever thinks about it.
A.and
B.that
C.for which
D.in fact


10、 Only with your help,________such difficulties in the field.
A.  can we overcome
B.  we can overcome
C.should we overcome
D.we should overcome


11、
He________studied, yet he passed every exam.
A.frequently
B.little
C.regularly
D.rarely


12、
-- How do you like these chairs?
-- Yes, they are actually nice but they are not much ________ demand now.
A.in
B.on
C.at
D.for


13、
His health failing,________ in 1995.
A.Andrew Peters went on leave from the army
B.so Andrew Peters went on leave from the army
C.when the army gave Andrew Peters leave
D.the army gave Andrew Peters leave


14、
Mary's parents are worried about Mary because no one was aware ________ she had gone.
A.of where
B.where that
C.the place
D.where of 

15、
I don't think my eyes are as good as they used to be.I need to have them________
A.tested
B.cleaned
C.serviced
D.cared


16、
The development of the light bulb ________partly as a result of the widespread availability of electricity and the need for cheap, clean light.
A.occurring
B.was occurring
C.was occurred
D.occurred


17、
His doctor suggested that he________  his right hand.
A.avoid using
B.avoid to use
C.has avoided using
D.avoids to use


18、
From here, we can see the bridge ________ construction.
A.below
B.under
C.by
D.with


19、
I am quite________her face, but I just cannot recall her name.
A.familiar at
B.familiar with
C.acquainted with
D.acquaintance


20、
They kept me ________for more than an hour
A.waits
B.wait
C.waited
D.waiting
三、完型填空
21、 回答21-35题
Earth is the only 21 we know of in the universe that can support human life.22 human activities are making the planet less fit to live on.As the western world 23on consuming two-thirds of the world's resources while half of the world's population do so 24 to stay alive.We are rapidly destroying the25resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper.Everywhere fertile soil is 26built on or washed 27 the sea.Non-renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover 28 .We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences.As a 29 the planet's ability to support people is being 30 at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are 31 increasingly heavy demands on it.The Earth's32resources are there for us to use.We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to 33 us fed, comfortable, healthy and active.If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will 34 indefinitely.But 35 we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon run out and everyone will suffer.

A.situation
B.place
C.position
D.site


22、
A.Although
B.Still
C.Yet
D.Despite


23、
A.continues
B.repeats
C.carries
D.follows


24、
A.already
B.just
C.for
D.entirely


25、
A.alone
B.individual
C.lone
D.only


26、
A.sooner
B.neither
C.either
D.rather


27、
A.about
B.into
C.over
D.across


28、
A.quite
B.greatly
C.utterly
D.completely


29、
A.development
B.result
C.reaction
D.product


30、
A.stopped
B.narrowed
C.reduced
D.cut


31、
A.doing
B.having
C.taking
D.making


32、
A.natural
B.real
C.living
D.genuine


33、
A.hold
B.maintain
C.stay
D.keep


34、
A.last
B.stand
C.go
D.remain


35、
A.if
B.whether
C.what
D.how 

四、阅读理解
36、 回答36-55题
    Nature has devised many ways to protect creatures' eyes.  The most common protection is the eyelid--a fold of skin that closes over the eye, protecting it from damage.  Eyelashes are useful for keeping out dust and other irritants, and tears wash away any particles that get through the other defenses.
    Some creatures, including most birds, have three eyelids.  The upper and lower lids act like human lids and keep out twigs, dirt and sand. The third eyelid, however, is a semitransparent tissue that crosses over the eye from the inside corner to the outside corner.  Because of this protective membrane, birds seldom have to blink. They close their eyes only when they go to sleep. In ducks, this third eyelid self as an underwater diving mask that helps the ducks find food.
    Most fish and snakes have no eyelids at all. Instead, a hard glassy covering protects their eyes. In fish, water constantly sweeps away dirt from the covering. And a snake's eyesight is usually so bad that a little dirt obscuring its vision does not disturb it greatly.
    Eyelashes defend the eye by shading it from glare. They also act like miniature brushes to remove dust. Camels have lashes that are four inches long to protect their eyes from windblown sand in the desert.

 A camel has long eyelashes________
A.to keep windblown sand out of its eyes
B.that get in the way of its sight
C.to help it see better
D.to attract other camels


37、 The writer implies that eyelids are________
A.not found on lizards
B.nice to look at
C.always covered with eyelashes
D.the most effective eye protection


38、
The author compares the duck's third eyelid to a________
A.tissue
B.glassy covering
C.tiny brush
D.diving mask


39、
A good title for this passage would be________
A.Look Out
B.Birds' Eyes
C.Eyes in the Night
D.Protecting the Eye 

40、 回答40-59题
    To find out what the weather is going to be, most people go straight to the radio, television or newspaper to get an expert weather forecast.But if you know what to look for, you can use your own senses to make weather predictions.
    There are many signs which can help you.For example, in fair weather the air pressure is generally high.The air is still and often full of dust.Faraway objects may look hazy.But when a storm is brewing, the pressure drops and you are often able to see things more clearly.Sailors took note of this long ago and came up with a saying "The farther the sight, the nearer the rain."
    Your sense of smell can also help you detect weather changes.Just before it rains, odors become stronger.This is because odors are repressed in a fair, high-pressure center.When a bad weather low moves in, air pressure lessens and odors are released.
    You can also hear an approaching storm.Sounds bounce off heavy storm clouds and return to earth with increased force.An old saying describes it this way: "Sounds traveling far and wide, a storm day will betide."
    And don't scoff if your grandmother says she can feel a storm coming.It is commonly known that many people feel pains in their bones or in corns and bunions when the humidity rises, the pressure drops, and bad weather is on the way.

The topic of this passage could be 
A.Expert Weather Forecast
B.Seeing Approaching Storms
C.Old Sayings about Weather
D.Using the Senses to Detect Weather Changes


41、 According to the passage, as a storm approaches, faraway objects look 
A.hazy because of dust in the air
B.clearer because air pressure is high
C.clearer because air pressure is dropping
D.distorted because of storm clouds


42、
In the last paragraph, the writer implies that 
A.the idea of feeling a coming storm is foolish
B.older people know a lot about weather
C.it is possible, but unlikely, that people feel aches when a storm is coming
D.it is definitely true that some people can feel coming weather changes


43、
The underlined word "repressed'' in paragraph 3 is close to in meaning.
A.crush
B.restrict
C.lower
D.struggle 

44、回答44-63题
    Many people want to know how to analyze problems they meet.There are six stages in analyzing a problem.First the person must recognize that there is a problem.For example, Sam's bicycle is broken, and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does.Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle.Next the thinker must define the problem.Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find the reason why it does not work.For instance, he must determine if the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame.He must make his problem more specific.Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions.For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels.At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears.He can talk to his friends at the bike shop.After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution.Take Sam as an illustration.His suggestions might be : put oil on the gear wheels ; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels.Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem.Sometimes the final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a new way.Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewing gum between the gear wheels.He immediately realizes the solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels.Finally the solution is tested.Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle
works perfectly.In short, he has solved the problem.

In analyzing a problem we should do all the following except________
A.recognize and define the problem
B.look for information to make the problem clearer
C.have suggestions for a possible solution
D.find a solution by trial or mistake


45、 By referring to Sam's broken bicycle, the author intends to________
A.illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle
B.discuss the problems of his bicycle
C.tell us how to solve a problem
D.show us how simple it is to repair a bicycle

46、 As used in the last sentence, the phrase "in short" means________
A.in the long run
B.in detail
C.in fact
D.in a word


47、 What is the best title for this passage?
A.Six Stages for Repairing Sam's Bicycle.
B.Possible Steps of Problem-solving.
C.Necessities of Problem Analysis.
D.Importance of Analyzing a Problem

48、 回答48-67题
Ronald Musoke is a college student from Uganda.He attends the College of Marin in California.Recently he got very excited about things he found in wastebaskets.What did he find? He found outdated textbooks that had been thrown away.Some of the books had sold new for one hundred dollars.The old textbooks had been either discontinued or replaced by newer editions.Uganda is a very poor country in Africa.When Musoke went to school in Uganda, there were never enough books.Sometimes five books were shared with one hundred fifty students.Musoke lived through the Ugandan civil war and the loss of twelve family members from AIDS.Why is Musoke excited about the discarded textbooks.'? He wants to send them to Uganda so women have the chance to get an education.The books will be used to pay for the women's education.Musoke hopes that education will help lower the number of deaths from AIDS.Also, the books will help lower illiteracy in Uganda.Other students are helping Musoke gather textbooks.Students are giving him books and over four thousand books have been collected.A business sponsor is helping to pay the postage for the books.Musoke and his classmates sort and pack the books.Ugandans will be educated with the help of donated books.The College of Marin students have become connected with an African nation far away.These classmates from a wealthy county, for example, Tanya Sehwedler and her classmates, have gained greater understanding of people who struggle to live in a very poor country.

Books were precious in Uganda because the schools________
A.didn't use them in grade school
B.no one knew how to read
C.couldn't afford enough books
D.were closed by the civil war


49、 The packing and sorting is being done by________
A.a business sponsor
B.other students in college
C.the College of Marin teachers
D.Musoke's college classmates


50、
Tanya Sehwedler is helping pack and sort books because________
A.it makes her feel good to better the lives of others
B.it may offer her experience to help her own country
C.she likes to sort and organize
D.she wants to contact with that country far away


51、
The proper title for this passage is________
A.Books in College of Matin
B.Ronatd Musoke and Tanya Schwedler
C."Trashed" Books Help Ugandans
D.Poor Africa Students in the United States 

52、 回答52-71题
    The crowd stirred and whispered in awe as, on the stage, the horse slowly tapped out the beat.
    Everyone became tense and quiet as the number of taps neared the correct answer to the horse trainer's question.After the final tap, the horse paused, seemed to look around and stopped.The crowd went wild !
    The horse's name was Clever Hans, the Educated Horse, and was featured in a vaudeville(杂耍)
    act in the early 1900s, in Europe.When asked a complicated mathematical question by his owner,
    Clever Hans would tap out the correct answer with his hooves.For example, if the answer was sixty-eight, Hans would tap out six with his left hoof and eight with his right hoof.Even more remarkable, the owner would leave the room after asking the question, so there could be no secret signal between owner and horse.A mere animal seemed to be accomplishing a highly technical skill of man's!
    It wasn't until years later that the secret of the trick was revealed.The owner had trained Clever
    Hans to respond to slight signals.The horse became so sensitive that he learned when to stop from the crowd's reaction.Members of the audience would start involuntarily, or give some unconscious signal, when Hans reached the right answer.Modern scientists now warn against the Clever Hans syndrome(综合征), whereby researchers unconsciously give clues to their animal subjects about the actions they like to see performed!

This passage is mainly about________
A.animal intelligence
B.mathematical skills
C.Clever Hans
D.unconscious behavior


53、 The Clever Hans syndrome is a danger to be avoided by________
A.audience
B.researchers
C.veterinarians
D.mathematicians


54、
The Clever Hans's real talent was________
A.his sensitivity to crowd reaction
B.adding large sums
C.standing quietly on stage
D.obeying his owner


55、
The first paragraph of this passage is________
A.a first person account
B.a dramatic account
C.an understatement
D.a scientific finding 

五、补全对话
56、

回答56-60题
A. Where have you been 
B. What do you do
C. An interesting place 
D. a part-time job
E. And what do you do 
F. been there
G. That sounds interesting 
H. Which restaurant
Jason: Where do you work, Andrea?
Andrea: I work for Thomas Cook Travel.
Jason: Oh, really? 56 there?
Andrea: I'm a guide. I take people on tours to countries in South America, like Peru.
Jason : 57 !
Andrea: Yes, it's a great job. I love it. 58 ?
Jason: I'm a student, and I have 59 , too.
Andrea: Oh? Where do you work?
Jason: In a fast-food restaurant.
Andrea: 60 ?
Jason: Hamburger Heaven.

________


57、 ________


58、
________


59、
________


60、
________

六、书面表达
61、你(Li Yuan)的朋友(Jack)邀请你暑期到他家乡——农村去度假。写封信委婉拒绝。信的
内容如下:
(1)对邀请表示感谢;
(2)不能如愿的原因;
(3)提出弥补的方式。

 

 

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